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Energy Efficiency

OVERVIEW OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR IN VIETNAM

Economy of Vietnam has changed radically in period from 2006 to 2013 (annual growth of 6.05% in average) with the strong transformation of traditional fuel to modern fuel. As shown in Figure 1, the total primary energy supply and total final energy consumption were increased significantly during 2007 – 2013 each year where the final energy consumption in 2013 accounted for about 144% compared to 2007. The increase has been driven by the modernization and industrialization, and the increasing popularity of modern commercial fuel and electricity in household sector according to the growing trends of GDP (green line).

Figure 1: Energy supply and energy consumption in period from 2007 to 2013

The Figure 1 shown also the energy consumption used in industrial sector has grown much faster than the other sectors, especially in the period from 2015 to 2025. The energy per GDP growth elasticity registered was very high 1.65. The energy intensity of Vietnam has been decreased from 409.2 kgoe per 1000 US$ of GDP in 2008 to 400.7 kgoe per US$ of GDP in 2013, in constant price in 2005.

Figure 2: Final energy demand in period from 2005 to 2025

Figure 2 depicts the growth in final energy consumption by sectors during 2010 – 2013 by year. The major energy using sectors in Vietnam include industrial sector (account for 41% of total energy consumption), household area (31%), and transport (22%). Thus, it should be highlighted that industrial sector is the biggest energy consumer in Vietnam and impacts strongly to the total national energy consumption.

Figure 3: Final energy consumption in during 2010 – 2013

Figure 3 summarizes the key energy consumers in Vietnam by sector during 2011 to 2013 by years. In 2013, the total energy consumption of industrial sector consumed 20.74 million TOE.

Energy intensive industrial sectors

Based on analysis of the energy statistic in 2013, The 06 largest energy consumption industrial sector including: (i) steel (4% total final energy consumed by industrial sector), (ii) chemical (10%), (iii) cement and building materials (34%), (iv) food processing (19%), textile and leather (10%) (vi) pulp and paper (4%). See illustration in Figure 4.

Figure 4 Share of final energy consumption by industrial sub-sectors in 2013

Population of the designated energy consumption enterprises defined by MOIT regulation per province

Under the Law on Energy Efficiency, in 28 August 2014, the Prime Minister has approved the Decision No. 1535/QD-TTg which provides a list of designated energy consumption enterprises (DEC) in all sectors across Vietnam. The DEC are defined as manufacturers that consume more than 1000TOE per year and commercial enterprises consume more than 500TOE per year. These SEC must develop and implement a yearly and 5 year-planning on energy efficiency. They must carry out energy audit once every three years. The list of DEC shall be updated and published every year based on consolidated data from DOITs.

Among the 1725 DEC, there are 1392 enterprises in industrial sector and they are populated per provinces as following:

Figure 5: Distribution of Designated Energy Consumption enterprises per province 


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